8 “culprits” related to osteoporosis


       Of the many causes, there are preventable causes. A common cause of osteoporosis is the result of an imbalance between bone formation and bone resorption. The following are some of the most common causes and risk factors for osteoporosis.

1. Age .

Age is a major factor contributing to the development of osteoporosis. As you age, your skeleton begins to lose more bone. When bone density is lost to a certain limit, it becomes osteoporosis. It is recommended that screening for osteoporosis begin at age 65, especially for women, but those under 65 at high fracture risk should also begin screening for osteoporosis earlier.

2. Low estrogen levels and full menopause image .

Up to 80% of people with osteoporosis are women. The lack of estrogen as a natural consequence of menopause is believed to be an important cause of decreased bone density. Additional factors that increase the risk of osteoporosis in women include early menopause (before age 45) and having irregular periods.

3. Low testosterone levels .

Osteoporosis is common in men with low testosterone levels. A 2017 report in the International Journal of Endocrinology said that osteoporosis in men under the age of 70 was low but then increased, with research showing that most .

4. Due to medication .

Long-term use of oral and injectable corticosteroids may increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Thyroid drugs, chemotherapy drugs, and others can also lead to developing osteoporosis. Of course, these drugs can be essential in the treatment of some diseases. Therefore, you should not stop any treatment or change the dosage you take without first talking to your doctor.

5. Due to certain diseases .

Some common medical conditions also cause bone loss- This is called secondary osteoporosis. These are diabetes, autoimmune inflammatory diseases, thyroid disease, and malabsorption syndromes.

6. Small body frame and low weight .

Thin and petite people have a high risk of osteoporosis. One reason is because they inherently have less bone than someone with a larger body weight and frame.

7. Genetics .

Genetic predisposition to osteoporosis can be noted from family history. You may be more likely to develop osteoporosis if your parents have it. Certain ethnic groups are also at increased risk for osteoporosis. Theoretically, there are many genes that a person can inherit that increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis.

Race contributes to bone mass and increases the risk of osteoporosis. Hispanics generally have lower bone mass than African Americans.

8. Lifestyle-related risk factors no imageActivity helps build strong bones .

There are many risk factors for osteoporosis that can be force majeure. However, some lifestyle risk factors are within your control and can be adjusted

Vitamin D and calcium deficiency: It is important to eat a diet fortified with calcium and vitamin D, as these nutrients work together to promote bone health. Calcium encourages healthy bones and vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium effectively.

Sedentary lifestyle: Being active helps keep muscles and bones strong and prevents osteoporosis.

Smoking: Research shows that chemicals found in cigarettes can interfere with the functioning of cells in the bones.Studies have shown that smoking increases the risk of fractures and can slow the healing of broken bones.

Heavy drinking: Alcohol has an adverse effect on bone health, interfering with the balance of calcium and the absorption of vitamin D in the body. Drinking too much alcohol can also kill osteoblasts, the cells that make bone.

In short, there’s a lot you can do to protect your bones, and it’s never too late to act. You can protect your bones by getting enough vitamin D and calcium and eating a balanced diet that includes bone-healthy foods, including fruits and vegetables. You should also exercise regularly to keep your bones and muscles strong. Finally, avoid smoking and limit drinking wine. A day, you should remember to spend 15 minutes of direct skin exposure to sunlight, just that time you have brought enough vitamin D for the body for the day.

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