Multivitamins are a popular over-the-counter supplement that has been used over the past few decades to make up for deficiencies caused by the food you eat.
Using multivitamins is the choice of many people to ensure adequate nutrients for the body to develop healthy.
* What is a multivitamin?
A multivitamin is an oral tablet containing many different vitamins and minerals in individual proportions from different manufacturers, since there is no standard for what constitutes a tablet. multivitamins. These can be deficient bodies or there are substances that the body cannot produce on its own but must be supplied from outside. Many of them also support enzymatic reactions in the body and enhance function. Helps maintain, grow and regulate metabolic processes in the body.
Although it is said to be a multivitamin, it does not mean that all multivitamins will include all nutrients. Therefore, when you choose to buy products, you should determine what the source of nutrients you need to find is, carefully read the ingredients and uses of the product. It is best to consult a doctor, nutritionist before buying.
Currently, multivitamins are prepared in many different forms such as lozenges, oral tablets, oral syrups, soluble effervescent tablets, etc. Various forms help users to freely choose.
* Benefits from multivitamin tablets .
In general, multivitamin tablets will provide the body with a number of essential vitamins and minerals to compensate for the lack of nutrients and maintain the body’s ability to function. In addition, multivitamins also help in a number of health problems. May be mentioned as:
* Heart-related diseaes .
Heart disease, as well as heart-related health problems, is the world’s leading cause of death. Although the evidence is still unclear, many people believe that taking a multivitamin can prevent heart disease. Some studies have also shown multivitamins to be associated with a reduced risk of heart attack and death, while others have shown no such effect. A recent study also found that among women taking a multivitamin for at least 3 years was associated with a 35 percent lower risk of dying from heart disease than those who didn’t.
* Cancer .
Although the evidence for a link between multivitamins and cancer is unclear, the review examined five randomized, controlled trials in 47,289 people. It found a 31 percent lower risk of cancer in men taking multivitamins but no effect in women.
Two observational studies, one including women and the other including men, combined long-term multivitamin use to reduce colon cancer risk.
The Physicians Health Study II notes that long-term, daily multivitamin use reduces cancer risk in men with no history of cancer. However, it had no effect on reducing the risk of death during the study period.
* Brain function.
Many studies have found that taking a multivitamin can improve memory in older adults. It can also improve mood and reduce symptoms of depression.
* Vision health.
Macular degeneration is often associated with older adults, and it is also the leading cause of blindness worldwide. In one study, taking antioxidant vitamins and minerals was shown to slow the progression of this eye disease. However, there is no evidence that these compounds prevent the disease in the first place.
* Who needs to take multivitamins?
Multivitamins are not suitable for everyone. In fact, if you maintain a balanced diet with all the groups of substances, adding more vegetables and fruits in your meals is enough to meet your daily nutritional needs. However, in some cases you may benefit from a multivitamin, such as:
– Elderly people: Often deficient in vitamin B12, they also need a lot of calcium and vitamin D to maintain strong bones.
Vegetarians: There are some nutrients found only in animal foods. If you follow a vegan diet, your risk of vitamin B12 deficiency is higher.
– Pregnant and lactating women: The use of multivitamins with this group of people needs to consult a doctor because excess or deficiency of vitamins can lead to health problems in both mother and child. little.
In addition, if you are someone who has undergone surgery, lost weight, is on a low-calorie diet, has a poor appetite or is not getting enough nutrition due to a poor diet, you can also take a multivitamin.
Water-soluble: The body can easily expel excess vitamins out
– Fat-soluble: For example, vitamins A, D, E and K… The body will find it difficult to absorb and excrete these vitamins. This leads to an excess of vitamins that can even cause poisoning.
If you take multivitamins and eat a lot of nutrient-dense foods, the amount of vitamins you provide is more than your body needs, thereby affecting health and even life.
Therefore, the best way to supplement vitamins for the body is still to eat science, enough nutrients, increase eating green vegetables, fruits and regularly exercise, especially pregnant women, people old and children.