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Common dental disease.

 

       The knowledge about teeth as well as oral care skills in our country is still not really wide. People do not have the habit of going to the hospital for regular check-ups.

Here are some common dental problems that everyone should be aware of. Tooth decay Most people are at risk of tooth decay, but the most common and most common are children. The main cause of tooth decay is oral hygiene habits.

Plaque left on the teeth that is not cleaned properly creates the ideal conditions for the bacteria available in the oral cavity to proliferate, forming tiny black dots. Over time, these cavities grow larger, causing pain and difficulty in chewing. Sudden pain or sensitivity when chewing hard things, drinking cold or hot water can also be a symptom of tooth decay. Severe tooth decay causes severe painful pulpitis complications. Without the intervention of a dentist, tooth decay will affect the adjacent teeth.

The most effective way to prevent tooth decay is to keep it clean and regularly check your oral health every 6 months. In addition, you should brush your teeth at least twice a day and limit eating sweets and carbonated drinks in the evening.

* Gingivitis .

The gums are the outermost protective barrier of the periodontal organization against bacteria, bacterial toxins, and trauma. Gingivitis occurs when there is an imbalance between the defenses of the local immune system and the bacteria found in plaque and tartar.

Plaque is a sticky film lying on the surface of the teeth, consisting of bacteria, mucus and food particles, on this sticky film the mineral residues of saliva will be deposited to form tartar. The disease causes damage to the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth. Severe advanced gingivitis can lead to periodontitis and tooth loss.

To prevent gingivitis, it is necessary to visit a dentist once every 6 months to detect tooth decay and tartar, proper brushing is also very important, should use dental floss to clean between the teeth under the gums, limit effective in gingivitis.

* Inflammation of the tooth pulp.

The main cause is bacteria from the disease of tooth decay, they penetrate from the cavity of the tooth and through the root of the tooth… In addition, pulpitis is also detected by other causes such as chemicals (intoxication). lead, mercury, etc.), due to physical factors (trauma, changes in environmental pressure, broken or chipped teeth, trauma to cut blood vessels supplying the tooth pulp, excessive tooth wear, or inflammation of the pulp due to periodontitis. tooth…

* Acute pulpitis:

Symptoms often appear in severe pain, pain with tears, runny nose, pain that increases when encountering heat and cold such as food and water entering deep places. In many cases, there is pus leading to pain like pulsation, such as drumming in the ear, pain in the tooth, feeling loose…

* Necrotic tooth pulp.

This is a case where the tooth has not been treated for pulpitis and has led to necrosis. However, untreated tooth pulp will lead to diseases of inflammation around the root apex, abscess around the apex…

Depending on the pain level of the patient, the doctor will examine and prescribe the most accurate and appropriate treatment method. If the patient’s pain is mild, occurring in a short period of time, it is possible to monitor the tooth pulp, if the tooth is decayed, the doctor will proceed to clean the cavity and then seal it with calcium hydroxide, limiting tooth contact. with hot, cold, sour, and sweet stimuli. If the pain subsides, there will be no need to take the pulp anymore and follow up for a period of 1 month.

If the pain does not decrease but it is increasing, the doctor will proceed to remove the tooth pulp. Simple prevention tips at home To prevent oral diseases, the first and simplest measure to improve oral health is to maintain oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least 3 times a day, combined with flossing to clean plaque, food on the surface of the teeth and between the teeth. Change your toothbrush regularly, about once every 3 months on average.

Next, it is necessary to keep a balanced diet, limiting snacks between main meals. Maintain regular dental check-ups every 6 months for advice and timely treatment of oral diseases.

In addition, you need to see a dentist when you have one of the following signs: toothache – mouth, bleeding gums, bad smell in the mouth, dry mouth, tooth sensitivity, burning sensation in the mouth, change in taste sensations, frequent food pulling between teeth, ulcers, color changes in the mouth… All of the above signs need to be examined and consulted for early detection of serious diseases and prevention of complications. in order to provide the most effective treatment for the patient.

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