In summer, the hot sun causes the skin to sweat a lot, plus dirt, which can make children more susceptible to some skin diseases. Skin diseases are not dangerous but cause discomfort for children. At the same time, if not treated in time, it can lead to complications. Skin diseases are common in children.
* Heat rash .
Heat rash is very common in children in the summer, especially children under 3 years old. The main reason is that in hot weather, children sweat a lot and can’t get out, stagnation in the excretory duct. The mouth of the excretory duct is prone to dust, hates to be sealed, causing the skin to emerge many small pink papules, growing in clusters, sometimes dense. The more sweat is secreted in areas such as forehead, neck, back, chest, body folds, etc., the more chrome there is. Sometimes, it is also present in large interstitial areas such as armpits, groin, and even the whole body. Rash causes itching, causing the baby to scratch a lot. Scratching can cause ulcers and infection.
When children have signs of skin diseases, they should be taken to a dermatologist. When children have signs of skin diseases, they should be taken to a dermatologist.
* Acne .
Pimples are one of the most common childhood skin diseases. It is an inflammation of the entire hair follicle and surrounding tissues, mainly caused by staphylococcus. The initial manifestation is red, swollen, then hot causing pain, gradually softening, oozing pus and scar tissue. Pimples can grow in many places on the body, causing pain and making children cry, reducing the level of eating and sleeping. Children who are in a weak state and are not strong enough to fight off bacteria can have continuous boils; This boil has just recovered from another boil, sometimes causing dangerous complications (acute nephritis, sepsis…). Boils growing in special locations such as the upper lip, the wings of the nose can cause serious complications such as thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus, the treatment needs to be patient.
* Impetigo .
Impetigo in children is a contagious skin infection that is common in children. Impetigo usually appears on the face, especially around the nose and mouth of a child. The disease occurs when bacteria (mainly staphylococcus and streptococcus) enter the body through wounds, scratches or insect bites and cause illness. In the summer, you sweat a lot, so the risk of impetigo increases.
The disease appears with round, flat blisters, after a few hours, the blisters become cloudy, pus, then burst, and yellow scabs. Children who are sick do not have a fever but often have swollen lymph nodes around the impetigo area. Impetigo is very easy to spread to other healthy skin if it is infected with the fluid of the impetigo. Impetigo can spread to nearby areas, causing inflammation of nearby lymph nodes. After scabbing, it often leaves a permanent bruise. If the mother does not pay attention and promptly treat the child, it can lead to glomerulonephritis.
Glomerulonephritis can develop after streptococcal impetigo. Glomerulonephritis occurs about 2 weeks after the onset of impetigo. Symptoms include: facial edema, especially eyelid edema, decreased urination, blood in the urine, increased blood pressure, stiffness and joint pain.
* Atopic dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis in children is common in the summer when factors such as hot weather and sweat on the skin are abundant. The disease does not simply cause skin lesions as many people think. Because many cases are subjective, causing extensive skin damage, scarring, infection, causing inflammation in many other areas such as (ear – nose – throat, eyes …), children are tired, anorexia, growth retardation.
The onset of atopic dermatitis is what is known as the acute phase of atopic dermatitis. At this stage, the skin of children and infants has unusual manifestations compared to normal skin such as atopic dermatitis can appear on the face, elbows, legs, chest of the child. Appears erythematous clusters with indistinct boundaries, small red pimples and after a short period of time, it turns into vesicles.
Children have signs of itching and discomfort, with older children, they use their hands to itch while newborns cry, stretch, toss and turn, or wake up. Blisters can spread and merge into large pimples, after a while they will close into dry, yellow-brown but not peeling scales.
Chronic atopic dermatitis is the time when the above symptoms of atopic dermatitis recur frequently, many times and have obvious lesions on the skin. Young skin at this time may be infected with superinfection, appear thick horny layers and have the appearance of skin pigmentation disorders.
The itching increased more as the itching became more intense and the skin was also dry and cracked with yellow discharge. Inflammation can spread beyond other healthy skin if there is no timely treatment of atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis in children and infants have quite similar symptoms. Sensitive skin is the same, so it is easy to get infections that damage deep into the epidermis of the skin. Therefore, to avoid risks, it is necessary to take the child to the hospital for early identification and proper treatment.
* Sweat gland disease .
Hot sun, the body produces a lot of sweat and this is the cause of the inflammation of the sweat glands. When children have this disease, there are symptoms of blisters, tiny papules, and red skin in areas with many sweat glands such as the back, chest, forehead, and neck. Children often itch a lot, especially when it’s hot and sweaty. Prevent when children’s nails are sharp, scratches are easily scratched and bacteria attack causes superinfection.
* Tips to prevent skin diseases for children.
In hot weather, babies sweat easily. Therefore, it is advisable to choose clothes suitable for the hot season. Dress your baby in light, airy cotton clothes. Change your baby’s clothes often. It is necessary to prepare soft cotton towels to help the baby absorb sweat. It is recommended to bathe your baby more often than in the cold season, but not too many times. Give your baby a bath with warm water and after the bath, dry quickly and thoroughly. It is recommended to use insect repellent creams for babies, but consult a doctor. When taking your baby outdoors, you should apply sunscreen to your baby’s skin to protect his skin.
In the summer, babies often sweat a lot, if they are not replenished with water regularly, they will most likely get hot inside, easily causing skin diseases. Regularly give your baby water to drink during the day to ensure enough water supply for the baby’s body. You can give your baby more fruits that have a cooling effect on the body.
Furthermore, it is advisable to monitor the symptoms and examine the baby’s skin very carefully. When seeing suspicious signs that are difficult to recognize, it is necessary to take the child to the doctor promptly.